In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. A member of a people of central and southern Kenya. Kikuyu grass became very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically. Low maintenance. Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Originating in Kenya’s Kikuyu region (Dannhauser, 1987), this is a creeping grass and a prolific grower able to withstand heavy grazing. 0000066581 00000 n Tiny feathery seed heads. 0000003305 00000 n /H [ 1827 474 ] Kikuyu grass definition: a type of fast-growing tropical grass , Pennisetum clandestinum , native to E Africa | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Tropical Grasslands, 4:139-152. >> %äãÏÒ Njoki -This is a female name that means “coming back”. 0000039564 00000 n 3》 (kikuyu or kikuyu grass) a creeping perennial grass which is native to Kenya and cultivated… What does kikuyu mean? The disease favours damp soil and warm to hot weather, and spreads by waterborne spores. and (fem.) the Galapagos Islands, Melanesia, Polynesia and Hawaii). The Kikuyu (also AgÄ©kÅ©yÅ©/GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©) are a Bantu ethnic group native to Central Kenya. Definition of Kikuyu grass in the Definitions.net dictionary. Because of its extremely vigorous growth habit, it is considered to be a … Hilariously, some of the Kikuyu names are names of wild and domestic animals such as the lion, calf or even frog. Some look to prevent kikuyu from forming a single-species mat and instead aim for multi-species pasture where kikuyu is a component of that. Roots usually turn yellowish brown colour and rot. Kikuyu Grass Uses . Origin: Kenya General description. The leaves are folded at first, then they flatten out become coarser in texture as they mature. Here is a list of some of the most common Kikuyu names and what they really mean; 1. /Type/Page Kikuyu or Gikuyu (GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©) may refer to: . 0000024755 00000 n /E 83332 Kikuyu grass can grow an inch a day taking over your lawn and killing your good grass. 0000070474 00000 n [kɪ ku:ju:] noun (plural same or Kikuyus) 1》 a member of a people forming the largest ethnic group in Kenya. The name, Kikuyu grass is used to suggest the native Kenyan pasture. 39 0 obj They are often relatively short (1-30 cm long and 3-7 mm wide) and either hairless (i.e. 0000064529 00000 n However, many farmers are yet to know the immense value of feeding their livestock on this resilient grass species. Kikuyu Names for boys and their meaning The Kikuyu people of Kenya have a very specific way of naming children. These spikelets (10-20 mm long and 0.8-1.5 mm wide) may contain either bisexual flowers, male flowers or female flowers. 0000072632 00000 n Widely naturalised southern and eastern Australia (i.e. Keywords: endangered plants, Lepidium oleraceum, weed control, kikuyu grass, Pennisetum clandestinum, herbicide tests. Kikuyu (Cenchrus clandestinus) is a subtropical, perennial C4 grass that is widely used as a pasture and turf. 0000023267 00000 n 0000001710 00000 n 0000038788 00000 n God made Clandestinum refers to the clandestine or hidden seed heads. endobj Like bermudagrass, kikuyugrass has a special photosynthetic pathway that enables it to assimilate carbohydrates at a high rate and to grow rapidly during periods of high light intensity and warm temperatures. /N 7 Kikuyu grass is one of the most compatible if not the best type of lawn grass for the Australian weather. It can tolerate heat and will do well under relatively shady conditions. 0000016816 00000 n Michellon R, Seguy L, Perret S, 1996. Kikuyu is commonly established from seed and can also be grown from vegetative plantings, unlike marine couch, saltwater couch and Distichlis (vegetative only). Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales and Queensland. The old man is usually very eager to be named and may start insinuating that 'he wants to be born' The Kikuyu language: Past tenses Kikuyu is native to Kenya and Kenyan seed was used in the 1960’s to start a propagation programme in New South Wales to … What exactly is Kikuyu grass? 0000079867 00000 n 0000045514 00000 n <> Kikuyu lawn is an affordable grass which makes it an ideal lawn for larger open areas such as Parks, Golf Course Fairways and Fields. Since plant material and soil can bear spores of the fungus, it can be difficult to control. Kikuyu grass is a warm-season grass that spreads quickly and thrives in areas with moderate temperatures. The Gikuyu and Mumbi is the most popular myth of origin of the Kikuyu. The term Kikuyu is derived from the Swahili form of the word GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©. Definition of kikuyu in the Definitions.net dictionary. 0000004655 00000 n Meredith D, 1955. nodes). In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. Avoid: Laying Kikuyu grass near garden beds. Kikuyu definition, a member of an Indigenous people of Kenya having an agricultural economy and notable as being the originators of the Mau Mau. 0000067499 00000 n 0000001827 00000 n yus 1. Kikuyugrass is a perennial grass that grows best under cool to warm temperatures (60° to 90°F) and moist conditions; however, it also survives well at high temperatures (100°F). /CropBox[35.1456 67.4646 630.4373 847.1024] Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes; Africa Algeria: Present: Introduced: USDA-ARS (2012) Angola: Present, Localized: Introduced: Holm et al. 0000046039 00000 n Adapatable. Kikuyu Grass is a warm season perennial lawn grass adapted to irrigated areas of the lower deserts in Arizona. 37 0 obj 0000040029 00000 n It can leave brown or bare looking patches on your lawn, and if cut too short regularly, can seriously deplete the lawn’s energy reserves and is an open invitation for weeds to invade and seed. /Linearized 1.0 While it is unsuitable for feed on its own, ryegrass and oats are often directly established into the grass to provide a year-round feed supply. Information and translations of kikuyu in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas.It is palatable, resistant to heavy grazing and mostly used for pasture. 41 0 obj >> Kikuyu grass definition is - a southern African forage grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) introduced into Australia and South America. Kikuyu grass spreads by its thick rhizomes and vigorous stolons. 0000000015 00000 n A long-lived (i.e. It is native to tropical Africa and was first introduced in California in the 1930's as an erosion control grass for ditchbanks and slopes. Other articles where Kikuyu grass is discussed: weed: Biological control: Kikuyu grass, which was introduced into California to prevent soil erosion on hillsides and roadways, soon spread into orchards, turf, and crop areas, where it became a serious weed. 0000031761 00000 n /Thumb 18 0 R H‰t’LSWÇßmûÞ«S´£MlYû¬b2––mnfåwøᢇýR¤. From December to February the aim is to maintain grazing pressure to keep residuals down; this prevents a mat building up, keeps the kikuyu leafy and maintains clover in the pasture. endobj 0000023365 00000 n 0000081424 00000 n glabrous) or with a sparse to dense covering of hairs with swollen bases (i.e. Landscape Range Turbocote Kikuyu Lawn Seed is a WARM SEASON grass that require soil temperatures of 18 + degrees to germinate. Colombia, Peru and Ecuador), La Réunion, and numerous Pacific islands (e.g. (noun) Kikuyugrass is a vigorous, warm season grass that spreads by rhizomes and runners. 0000003207 00000 n Entries with "Kikuyu grass" kikuyugrass: see also Kikuyu grass‎ kikuyugrass (English) Noun kikuyugrass (uncountable) Alternative spelling of Kikuyu grass. If you give your animals this grass at the right stage of growth, you will be providing them a highly nutritious species of pasture. /MediaBox[0 0 667 914] It has spread throughout Southern … India, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Indonesia), New Zealand, south-western USA, Mexico, Central America (e.g. 0000035474 00000 n 0000034330 00000 n Morphology. caryopses or grains) are oblong in shape (2-3 mm long), somewhat flattened and dark reddish-brown in colour. kikuyu: …des hauts plateaux kényans. Conditions Favouring Disease. Susceptible Turfgrasses: Kikuyu. 0000005771 00000 n In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener. << Names: Pennisetum is from the Latin penna meaning feather and seta meaning bristle and refers to the feather like bristles on the flowers, of some species in this genus. stolons) forming dense mats on the soil surface. kikuyus) Kikuyu…. <> In the late 20th century the Kikuyu numbered more than 4,400,000 and formed the largest ethnic group in Kenya, approximately 20 percent of the total population. It has some salinity tolerance, and moderate waterlogging tolerance. Bisexual and female flowers have long two-branched stigmas that emerge from the leaf sheath, while bisexual and male flowers have three very long stamens borne on filaments 2.5-5 cm long. Taking its name from the most populous ethnic group in Kenya (this grass’s native country), Kikuyu grass is generally regarded as one of the more “vigorous” (read: durable) grasses, and also the most economical lawn. Kikuyu is described as "Bermda grass on steroids," and that means a player's view of it can also be dramatic, too. 0000076412 00000 n /Root 38 0 R Kikuyu establishes quickly providing a dense coverage reducing the possibility of weed infestation. It can be used as a permanent pasture. It is native to tropical Africa and was first introduced in California in the 1930's as an erosion control grass for ditchbanks and slopes. Until today, Kikuyu (named after a tribe in Kenya) is still the most popular and affordable lawn, because of this reviving quality. The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. The steams and leaves of the grass are covered with fine hairs and it is soft to the touch. It has slightly flattened, hairy leaf sheaths and tapering leaf blades with files of hairs. kikuyus) Kikuyu Kikuyu grass kikuyu (Spanish) Noun kikuyu (masc.) 0000003564 00000 n 355 Plants are a network of horizontal many-jointed stems (i.e. Kikuyugrass is a perennial grass that grows best under cool to warm temperatures (60° to 90°F) and moist conditions; however, it also survives well at high temperatures (100°F). /Resources <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/ColorSpace<>>> trailer Kikuyu grass . startxref It is a deep rooted, sod forming grass, spread by seed, rhizomes ( underground runners), and stolons (above ground runners). Once an invasion of Kikuyu has been noticed in a Buffalo lawn, it is imperative the lawn owner takes immediate action to kill the Kikuyu grass as quickly as possible. 0000022879 00000 n It is because of this, Kikuyu may not be your best option around or near your gardens. << Control. The Bantu language of the Kikuyu. Ryegrass or oats are often direct-drilled into established kikuyu to provide a year-round feed supply. MWANGI m Eastern African, Kikuyu Means "rapid expansion" in Kikuyu. 0000060699 00000 n 0000025851 00000 n Native to tropical eastern and central Africa. stolons) forming dense mats on the soil surface. It normally becomes dormant in areas that experience frost and will reshoot at the first sign of spring. Through summer kikuyu has a high leaf to stem/stolon ratio and with good management the fast-growing green leaf (1… 0000065597 00000 n stream 0000016512 00000 n The US Department of Agriculture acclimated kikuyu grass in North America a little over a century ago, in 1915. endobj 0000035104 00000 n Eureka Kikuyu Grass: 30-50mm: Platinum Zoysia Grass: 20-30mm: Tip #2: Don’t mow your lawn too short. Kikuyu grass is a popular pasture grass and is used to provide fodder during spring, summer and autumn in coastal areas. The seed-heads are usually inconspicuous, remaining hidden inside the sheaths of the leaves. Kikuyu grass. The 'seeds' (i.e. 37 69 The name comes from the East African tribe – Kikuyu, that lives in the region where the grass originates from. The downside of Kikuyu is, because it comes from a semi-tropical and warm climate, it cannot handle shade or semi-shade areas. Creeping underground stems (i.e. Responds well to … Leaves turn a uniformly yellow with brown flecking. The first born son is always given the same name as his paternal Grandfather. xœc```b``Wf`c`Ð¿Ä È€ ‚@1vŽ?¬@n[TC.jø`" uF‚)Jc‘‡„ÃÂæ!ˆƒ‹Û'(y̼|ü‚¢ËÒ ­Ýáú G'—382sˆ2¹rK˜|bñ¶ªøÅ¢1q‰”LVÀ£Äg®ÓT¯kº1{›Å|ï0²ð(_&Kª(J …)p„be>ö1þ„ö0ž^"§àr™‰…§À‰1‘á_¢@£{ïÃGŽ™ÏLüPÆðN}†žAð™óÜS¤ž5¾bYðY ’Ñ4âì/îþ¦I ŒÌ—Ty>0/µ~’uAvŠSgfq˜A)…,#ÉÀ4KŸœ‚˜R5ÔÙ òd˜æ|€ªÑb9¦¹ÒU¶ QZˆý 0000056887 00000 n The Mwangi generation started around the beginning of the 20th century and lasted for about 30 years. However, small branched seed-heads may occasionally emerge from inside the sheath of the upper leaves. Distinguished from other grasses by yellowy light green leaf colour, especially in summer when appears very green compared to other drier grasses. 0000004984 00000 n endobj Do not use in mixtures of grasses. << The only thing in … 4 It has been introduced to several other African countries, notably Zaire, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Kikuyu grass is also a popular turf species. "Noun kikuyu (masc.) 0000077966 00000 n 0000002818 00000 n The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. Information and translations of Kikuyu grass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Kikuyu definition is - a member of a Bantu-speaking people of Kenya. Costa Rica), South America (e.g. 43 0 obj It grows best in loamy or clay soils. 0000030981 00000 n Hard wearing. 0000025594 00000 n Surplus production can be ensiled. Click to Download Kikuyu … Native to eastern Africa, it is a common lawn grass and pasture but also a weed of disturbed land near settlements or pasture. >> Kikuyu Yellows thrives on high temperatures in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period. 0000006267 00000 n Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. 42 0 obj Four herbicides in combination with the additives Uptake oil, or without … /ID[<096E84DC0034370C4A82496A3542DF58>] Pennisetum clandestinum Family: Poaceae. 0000015995 00000 n 0000068340 00000 n Leaf blades usually long, soft, hairy, & drooping. /Parent 27 0 R This species only set seed under certain conditions. 0000025084 00000 n 0000061726 00000 n 0000064430 00000 n ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas. The Kikuyu Grass natural habitat is in elevated areas particularly in soils of volcanic origin. Kikuyu is a warm season grass that is hardy, self repairing and drought tolerant. Kikuyu people; Kikuyu language; Kikuyu, Kenya, a town in the Central Province; Kikuyu Central Association, a political organisation; Kikuyu Constituency, an electoral division in Kenya; Kikuyu grass, Pennisetum clandestinum A fictional corporation in Walter Jon Williams' novel Hardwired Meaning of Kikuyu grass. Kikuyu was introduced to Australia as seed from the Belgian Congo in 1919, 5 and all but one of these seeds failed to germinate. Pasture, waste areas, roadsides, coastal and open areas. <> Kikuyu ( Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. What does Kikuyu grass mean? The scientific name for Kikuyu grass is Pennisetum clandestinum. 40 0 obj 0000002280 00000 n tuberculose hairs). endobj Kikuyu Yellows thrives on high temperatures in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period. Kikuyu can grow rapidly in summer when conditions are favourable (warm and wet) and must be managed well to optimise pasture quality. Kikuyu grass is renowned for its rapid lush green growth, drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and ability to survive gardener neglect. It is beneficial to scarify warm season lawns first in spring when an application of 5:1:5 can be introduced onto the roots at 50g / m². 0000022346 00000 n A popular warm season turf with a light to mid green leaf colour. It generally grows less than 30 cm in height, but may occasionally reach up to 90 cm tall. 0000057732 00000 n 38 0 obj Additional keywords: genotype diversity, kikuyu grass, salt and drought tolerance, untapped breeding potential. 0000022182 00000 n 0000002301 00000 n Their own name for themselves is Kikuyu Yellows is especially common in areas fertilised with nitrogen. /Info 29 0 R Kikuyu grass has been introduced to many parts of the world including Australia, Hawaii and Arizona. ... Kikuyu History. endobj Symptoms. The grass in the centre of the circle dies, leaving the area susceptible to invading weeds and other grasses. Kenda grass is an efficient water user and highly drought tolerant making it an ideal choice for … The disease favours damp soil and warm to hot weather, and spreads by waterborne spores. stolons) with many joints (i.e. The origin of Kikuyu grass is the East Africa region where it grows in the lower tropic regions. Kikuyu Lawn will go dormant during winter, meaning it will not actively grow although it will require sufficient regular mowing throughout the warmer months. Description. 0 Weed Identification – Brisbane City Council. Lawns do best when fertilized "little and often”. (1979) EPPO (2020) Burundi: Present : Native: Clayton and Renvoize (1982) Cameroon: Present, Localized: Introduced: … The Main Kikuyu Myth of Origin. It is a very hardy weed that grows extremely fast in warm climates like southern California. It has spread throughout Southern … 0000064717 00000 n 0000046370 00000 n Many community sporting ovals choose to use kikuyu grass because lawn care is simple and it is easy to manage on a large field. 0000061761 00000 n Its ability to spread quickly makes it ideal for lawns that take a hammering from children or pets. <> Pastures dominated by kikuyu are unsuitable for horses. Due to its vigorous growth patterns, Kikuyu is a very invasive grass and doesn’t tend to want to stay put in its designated area. It’s regarded one of the excellent fodder for beef and dairy animals including goats … Called "the superweed" in California, Kikuyu was first brought to California to control erosion. Abstract The ability of herbicides and additives to selectively control kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) without damaging Cook's scurvy grass (Lepidium oleraceum) was investigated. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales and Queensland. Avoid: Laying Kikuyu grass near garden beds. 0000074724 00000 n Learn more about kikuyu grass History of kikuyu grass. Infected areas range in size from 10cm to 1m in diameter. In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener. Kikuyu can be controlled using a combination of intensive grazing, mechanical removal, spraying and re-sowing with other species. rhizomes) are also produced. Cape Town, South Africa: Central News Agency. 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