[395] In 2010, Romania had 428 state and 25 private hospitals,[396] with 6.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people,[397] and over 200,000 medical staff, including over 52,000 doctors. Someone offensive and annoying. – Interviu", "EXCLUSIV | "Angelo Niculescu mi-a zis că nu mă bagă pentru că sunt maghiar şi Partidul crede că vând meciul. Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. [421][422] The traditional Romanian dress that otherwise has largely fallen out of use during the 20th century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn on these festivities, especially in rural areas. [467] Romania reached the Davis Cup finals three times in 1969, 1971 and 1972. The capital city has an area of 228 square km and a population of 1,883,425 individuals. [143] Leaders of the Romanian National Party proposed the federalisation of Austria-Hungary and the Romanian intellectuals established a cultural association to promote the use of Romanian. [469], The second most popular team sport is handball. [70] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. Bucharest is the capital of Romania. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=997263294, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The national capital is Bucharest. [146][147], Fearing Russian expansionism, Romania secretly joined the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in 1883, but public opinion remained hostile to Austria-Hungary. [366], According to the Constitution, local councils ensure linguistic rights to all minorities, with localities with ethnic minorities of over 20%, that minority's language can be used in the public administration, justice system, and education. It is the nation’s largest city in terms of area and population. [476], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[477] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. en Bucharest is the capital of Romania. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 m or 6,600 ft—the highest is Moldoveanu Peak at 2,544 m or 8,346 ft.[236]:11 They are surrounded by the Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus, the Carpathian Basin and the Wallachian plains. [430] Țuică is a strong plum brandy reaching a 70% alcohol content which is the country's traditional alcoholic beverage, taking as much as 75% of the national crop (Romania is one of the largest plum producers in the world). In Dobruja, the Black Sea also exerts an influence over the region's climate. [361] After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, a significant number of Romanians emigrated to other European countries, North America or Australia. [112][113] The neighboring powers forced him to abdicate in September, but he became a symbol of the unification of the Romanian lands in the 19th century. [47][48] The Romans pursued an organised colonisation policy, and the provincials enjoyed a long period of peace and prosperity in the 2nd century. Romania in the interwar period, following the, Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:53. [95] The Mongols' Golden Horde emerged as the dominant power of Eastern Europe, but Béla IV of Hungary's land grant to the Knights Hospitallers in Oltenia and Muntenia shows that the local Vlach rulers were subject to the king's authority in 1247. [35] Some of them developed into "proto-cities",[35] which were larger than 320 hectares (800 acres). The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature. [385] Kindergarten is optional between three and six years. The Victoria Palace in the city houses the Prime Minister and the rest of the cabinet. [341][342] The country joined the European Space Agency (ESA) in 2011,[343] and CERN in 2016. [81][82] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. The first fortified settlements appeared around 1800 BC, showing the militant character of Bronze Age societies. [246], The fauna of Romania consists of 33,792 species of animals, 33,085 invertebrate and 707 vertebrate,[246] with almost 400 unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians,[247] including about 50% of Europe's (excluding Russia) brown bears[248] and 20% of its wolves. [296] In 2005, the government replaced Romania's progressive tax system with a flat tax of 16% for both personal income and corporate profit, among the lowest rates in the European Union. mostra. [102][103] A military commander of Romanian origin, John Hunyadi, organised the defence of the Kingdom of Hungary until his death in 1456. Ce vor învăţa copiii şi cum vor fi evaluaţi", "Limited relevants. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Countries Where The Largest City Is Not The Capital City. [472], Popular individual sports include combat sports,[467] martial arts,[467] and swimming. Bran Castle, near Brașov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle. [328] Other attractions include the Danube Delta or the Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu. [299], Romania has attracted increasing amounts of foreign investment following the end of Communism, with the stock of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Romania rising to €83.8 billion in June 2019. [311] It has one of the largest refining capacities in Eastern Europe, even though oil and natural gas production has been decreasing for more than a decade. Beneath the streets of Romania’s capital, a living hell. 2,394,284), capital and largest city of Romania, SE Romania, in Walachia, on the Dîmboviţa River, a tributary of the Danube. Bucharest is the capital city of Romania. Antonyms for capital of Romania. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! In 1659, it became the capital of the region. At the Cannes Film Festival, The Death of Mr. Lazarescu by Cristi Puiu won the Prix Un Certain Regard in 2005,[413] while 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days by Cristian Mungiu won the festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, in 2007. [331] More than 1.9 million foreign tourists visited Romania in 2014, 12% more than in 2013. Define capital of Romania. The legislative branch of the government, collectively known as the Parliament (residing at the Palace of the Parliament), consists of two chambers (Senate and Chamber of Deputies) whose members are elected every four years by simple plurality. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 square miles), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the seventh-most populous member state of the European Union, having approximately 19.3 million inhabitants (as of 2020). The Prime Minister of the nation is the head of government. [233] In 2016 the Human Development Index ranked Romania as a nation of "Very High Human Development". [153] After the October Revolution turned Russia from an ally into an enemy, Romania was forced to sign a harsh peace treaty with the Central Powers in May 1918,[154] but the collapse of Russia also enabled the union of Bessarabia with Romania. [292], Industrial output growth reached 6.5% year-on-year in February 2013, the highest in the Europe. [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. A National Anticorruption Directorate was formed in the country in 2002. Pronunciation of capital of Romania with 1 audio pronunciation, 3 synonyms, 1 meaning, 14 translations and more for capital of Romania. Cum încearcă ministrul Nicolăescu să-i țină pe doctori în țară", "Brancusi's 'Bird in Space' Sets World Auction Record for Sculpture at $27,456,000", "November 9, The price record for a Brancusi masterpiece was set up in 2005 when "Bird in Space" was sold for USD 27.5 M", "Sounds Like Canada feat. [107] Reformation spread and four denominations—Calvinism, Lutheranism, Unitarianism, and Roman Catholicism—were officially acknowledged in 1568. There is also a semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary school, which prospered during the Communist regime. add example. Dictionary entry overview: What does capital of Romania mean? During the Ottoman rule, Bucharest flourished as the primary economic center in Wallachia. [376] Counties with over ⅔  urban population are Hunedoara, Brașov and Constanța, while those with less than a third are Dâmbovița (30.06%) and Giurgiu and Teleorman. [178] The country regained Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, and the Germans placed Transnistria (the territory between the rivers Dniester and Dnieper) under Romanian administration. [46] Emperor Trajan transformed Banat, Oltenia and the greater part of Transylvania into the new Roman province of Dacia, but Dacian, Germanic and Sarmatian tribes continued to dominate the lands along the Roman frontiers. [30] A handful of other languages (including Italian, Hungarian, Portuguese, and Norwegian) have also switched to "o" like English, but most languages continue to prefer forms with u, e.g. "[265], Relations with Moldova are a special case given that the two countries share the same language and a common history. [390] Romania has achieved the highest team score in the competition, after China, Russia, the United States and Hungary. Aviator whose infant son was kidnapped. [189] In February 1947, the Paris Peace Treaties confirmed the return of Northern Transylvania to Romania, but they also legalised the presence of units of the Red Army in the country. Foreign citizens and stateless persons who live in Romania have access to justice and education in their own language. [412], In cinema, several movies of the Romanian New Wave have achieved international acclaim. Moreover, 39,660 people have no religion or are atheist, whilst the religion of the rest is unknown. "Paula Seling despre rezultatul la Eurovision 2010: "Mai bine de atât nu se putea! Mar 27, 2014 - Scăricica din cartierul Uranus în 1984, înainte de demolarea completă a zonei pentru ridicarea Casei Poporului. [167][168] The democratic parties were squeezed between conflicts with the fascist and anti-Semitic Iron Guard and the authoritarian tendencies of King Carol II. [302] After joining the EU in 2007, Romania is expected to adopt the Euro in 2024. The capital of Romania is a real jewel to discover as a family. Bucharest is the capital of Romania. [468] In singles, Ilie Năstase was the first year-end World Number 1 in the ATP Rankings in 1973, winning several Grand Slam titles. Of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, while the population identifies as ethnic and... Basically accurate account, others describe it as a family home ground is the largest city in the same.... 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