miles. The Alpine Fault is a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. SECTION II: The Plate Boundary (Alpine Fault) & Associated Mountain Building (Southern Alps) The Alpine Fault, New Zealand: Surface Geology and Field Relationships 159 Richard J. Norris and Alan F. Cooper . Both the San Andreas Fault and the Alpine Fault are shown on our Interactive Plate Tectonics Map. An example of another transform boundary is the Alpine fault of New Zealand that is on land. New Zealand is a region of distributed deformation: the relative motions between the Australian and Pacific plates are not accommodated on one or two faults in a narrow zone, but on many faults across a much wider zone. Update: 6/9/10. A strike-slip fault is a simple offset; however, a transform fault is formed between two different plates, each moving away from the spreading center of a divergent plate boundary. Alpine Fault of New Zealand and the San Andres Fault. Transform boundaries are one example. Transform Plate Boundary features. The _____ and the Alpine Fault of New Zealand are examples of transform plate boundaries. In New Zealand, the South Island's alpine fault is a transform fault for much of its length. Transform examples. en The continent of Zealandia, which separated from Australia 85 million years ago and stretches from New Caledonia in the north to New Zealand’s subantarctic islands in the south, is now being torn apart along the transform boundary marked by the Alpine Fault. The Alpine Fault in New Zealand is one of the longest, straightest and fastest slipping plate boundary transform faults on Earth and produces earthquakes at quasi-periodic intervals. miles space. The Alpine Fault is where two great tectonic plates (the Pacific and Australian) plates collide. Transform def. How they meet each other changes along the boundary. New evidence of a 19th century earthquake on New Zealand's Alpine fault suggests that in at least one portion of the fault, smaller earthquakes may occur in between such large rupture events. It runs as a single structure for over 500 km. Movement along this fault has uplifted the Southern Alps and produced large earthquakes. The Alpine Fault that runs for over 500 km along the west coast of the South Island is a transform boundary between the plates, where compressional movement is causing the Southern Alps to be uplifted at a rate of approximately 7 mm/year divergent examples. There is dextral strike-slip motion as well as convergence between the Australian and Pacific plates. These two subduction areas are joined together by the Alpine Fault. Because of this, they are sometimes referred to as conservative boundaries or margins. Fleurdelys_Strongoli. New Zealand Active Faults Database. It forms a transform boundary between the … South Island Faults. St Andreas Transform Fault Alpine Fault New Zealand The types of transform from BUSINESS 001 at University of Nairobi. Snow on the mountains of the Pacific plate contrasts with the lower land of the Australian plate. I am at the south island of New Zealand! Add your answer and earn points. In New Zealand, the Australian and Pacific Plates push against each other along a curving boundary. A rupture along the full length of the fast-slipping Alpine Fault on New Zealand's South Island poses the largest potential seismic threat to the southern and central parts of the country. Transform boundaries are areas where the Earth's plates move past each other, rubbing along the edges. Januar 2016 (englisch). They are, however, much more complex than that. The fracture zone that forms a transform plate boundary is known as a transform fault. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, known as a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island. Field area accessed by boat The San Andreas connects a divergent boundary in the Gulf of California with the Cascadia subduction zone. Revealed: New Zealand's worst-affected areas after an Alpine Fault quake That quake measured an approximate magnitude 8.1, making it about three times stronger than the Kaikoura quake of 2016. The result is a split in the crust, called a fracture zone, that extends across the seafloor far beyond the small transform that created it. The Alpine Fault is the dominant structure defining the Australian-Pacific plate boundary in the South Island of New Zealand. This has resulted in the folded land of the Southland Syncline being split into an eastern and western section several hundred kilometres apart. Map of Tectonic Plates and Their Boundaries, Reverse, Strike-Slip, Oblique, and Normal Faults, Introduction to Convergent Plate Boundaries, Learn About the History and Principles of Plate Tectonics, 5 Different Ways of Classifying Volcanoes. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. The Alpine Fault runs for about 600km up the spine of the South Island, and is one of the world’s major geological features. It forms the sharp line separating the snow-covered Southern Alps in the east from the low coastal plain bordering the Tasman Sea in the west. Transform Plate Boundaries are locations where two plates slide past one another. A smaller number connect mid-ocean ridges and subduction zones. 18 terms. The alpine fault is located in New Zeland. Onshore it extends 650 kilometres from Blenheim to Milford Sound. New Zealand is situated at the edge of both the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates. Many transform faults are at ocean basins. St Andreas Transform Fault Alpine Fault New Zealand The types of transform from BUSINESS 001 at University of Nairobi The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, specifically a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand’s South Island. It ends abruptly where it connects to another plate boundary, either another transform, a spreading ridge, or a subduction zone.. Transform faults can be distinguished from the typical strike-slip faults because the sense of movement is in the opposite direction (see illustration). The Alpine Fault is the dominant structure defining the Australian-Pacific plate boundary in the South Island of New Zealand. The Alpine Fault is called a strike slip or transform fault. Researching structural geology at Otago gives you the opportunity to travel worldwide for fieldwork and laboratory collaborations: Europe, the US, South America and all over New Zealand. miles. Like all plate boundaries, the movement of crust along transform and strike-slip faults creates earthquakes. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. 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